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Introduction

Increasing demand for food safety has recently resulted in focusing the spotlight of attention on parasitic organisms in seafood. Even though most fish parasites are usually not harmful to human health, infected fish lots have often been rejected by consumers, creating serious economic losses for the commercial fisheries industry. It is likely because correct information from reliable sources is hardly to be available for risk analysis of fish parasites. Without a doubt, Japan is the biggest consuming country of enormous kinds of seafood and has imported a large amount of exotic fishes from overseas. Ironically, it has provided a convenient situation for Japanese parasitologists to look for a variety of fish parasites. Under these circumstances, we plan to compile a database of parasites in fish and shellfish (for short, D-PAF), which serves the science-based and the most up-to-date information on fish parasites.

Mainly, fish parasites which cause serious troubles in food hygiene (such as zoonotic infection) or problems rejected by consumers (even though harmless to human) have been listed, but several parasites which occur only in fish farms have also been included in D-PAF. It means that the target is from producers to consumers. Information page for each parasite is composed of concise pieces of fclinical signf, eparasitologyf, epathologyf, ehealth hazard (risk assessment to public health)f, ediagnosisf and some clear photographs showing typical disease signs and parasite itself. The fish name is usually based on the FishBase (http://www.fishbase.org/), but some are changed into more commonly used name in Japan (e.g., Seriola quinqeradiata is called as not eJapanese amberjackf in FishBase but eyellowtailf). Our hope is that D-PAF is useful not only for ordinary people but also diagnostic technicians, students and some researchers working on fish parasites for many purposes.


The Organizing Committee of D-PAF:

Dr. Hiroshi Yokoyama (The University of Tokyo)

Dr. Kazuo Ogawa (The University of Tokyo)

Dr. Kazuya Nagasawa (Hiroshima University)

Dr. Jun Araki (Meguro Parasitological Museum)